What is the account of Annas and Caiaphas?
At this time, Joseph Caiaphas was the actual high priest see Note on John He was deposed A. He had married the daughter of Annas; and the latter seems to have exercised a dominant influence, perhaps, as the Nasi, the Prince, or President, of the Sanhedrin, during the remainder of his life.
If he presided on this occasion, it may explain St.
The identification is, at the best, uncertain; but the story told of his death-bed, in itself full of pathos, becomes, on this assumption, singularly interesting.
His disciples asked him why he wept: But they are about to bring me before the King of kings, the Lord, the Holy and Blessed One, who liveth and abideth for ever. And if He is wroth with me, His wrath is eternal; and if He bind, His bonds are eternal; if He slay, it is eternal death; and Him I cannot soothe with words or appease with gifts.
And besides all this, there are before me two paths, one to Paradise and the other to Gehenna, and I know not in which they are about to lead me. How can I do aught else but weep? There is, however, not the shadow of any evidence for the identification.
As many as were of the kindred of the high priest. See Notes on Matthew 2: Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 4: These rulers must either be saved by that Jesus whom they had crucified, or they must perish for ever.
The name of Jesus is given to men of every age and nation, as that whereby alone believers are saved from the wrath to come. But when covetousness, pride, or any corrupt passion, rules within, men shut their eyes, and close their hearts, in enmity against the light; considering all as ignorant and unlearned, who desire to know nothing in comparison with Christ crucified.
And the followers of Christ should act so that all who converse with them, may take knowledge that they have been with Jesus.
Don Stewart :: Who Were the High Priest's Annas and Caiaphas?
That makes them holy, heavenly, spiritual, and cheerful, and raises them above this world. See the notes on Matthew 2: The expression their rulers looks as if this book was written for the Gentiles, or Luke would have said our rulers. Elders - Presbyters, or those who were chosen from among the people to sit in the Sanhedrin. It is probable that the rulers were those who held also some other office, but were also authorized to sit in the Great Council.
Scribes - See the notes on Matthew 2: It is by no means certain that Annas was at that time the high priest, but he had been, and doubtless retained the title. He was father-in-law to Caiaphas, the high priest; and from this fact, together with his former dignity, he is mentioned first. Caiaphas - Son-in-law of Annas, and now exercising the office of the high priest, John All of this takes place late at night after Jesus' arrest, and in the morning Jesus' accusers take him from Caiaphas' house to the residence of Pontius Pilatewhere they charge him with treason against Rome for his claim to be the Messiah.
The trail of Jesus according to Matthew's account. There, he is heard by the "whole Sanhedrin," certainly an exaggeration, especially given the hour. Witnesses are brought forth who testify that Jesus has prophesied against the Temple. Caiaphas then demands to know from Jesus whether he in fact claims to be the Messiah: Tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.
In fact the claim to be the Messiah was not considered blasphemous, although it was certainly dangerous. As the crime of blasphemy is a "sin unto death," Caiaphas declares that Jesus is guilty of a capital offense.
The accusers then beat Jesus and spit in his face. However, the problem still remains that under Roman administration, Caiaphas lacks the authority to execute the death sentence, and the Romans are not interested in merely religious crimes under Jewish law. Jesus next appears before Pilate.
As with the Gospel of John, Caiaphas is not mentioned as being present, his accusers being identified as "the chief priests and the elders," apparently a coalition of Sadducees and Pharisees, though certainly not including Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimatheaboth identified as Sanhedrin members who supported Jesus.
Caiaphas in the Book of Acts The only other mention of Caiaphas by name in the New Testament occurs in Acts 4where Peter and John are taken before Annas and Caiaphas after having healed a crippled man.
Annas the High Priest (Bible History Online)
Luke here makes Annas the "high priest" with Caiaphas identified as part of his family. This may be a simple error, or it may reflect the fact that Annas was still referred to by his formal title and still enjoyed considerable authority as head of his priestly family. Alternatively, the episode may take place several years later, when the younger Annas had become high priest, with Caiaphas attending as a former occupant of the office.
In any case, the priests question the apostles' authority to perform such a miracle. When Peter answers that Jesus of Nazareth is the source of their power, Caiaphas and the other priests are surprised at his eloquence, since he had no formal education. Not being able to deny that the miracle had occurred, they warn the apostles not to spread the name of Jesus.
Caiaphas - New World Encyclopedia
Peter and John, however, refuse to comply, saying, "We cannot keep quiet. We must speak about what we have seen and heard" Acts 4: In Acts 5, Caiaphas or another "high priest" convenes a session of the Sanhedrin to deal with the fact that Christians are still openly preaching in Jesus' name despite having been warned not to.
Here, the high priest is specifically identified as a member of the party of the Sadducees. A debate ensues in which the Pharisaic leader Gamaliel prevails by arguing: The incident evidences a growing tension between the Pharisees and Sadducees, in which the underlying issue may have been dealing with groups seen as a possible threat to the Romans. Later life and legacy Caiaphas tears his clothes upon hearing Jesus admit that he is the Messiah. They worry that if they "let him go on like this, everyone will believe in him, and the Romans will come and destroy both our holy place and our nation.
Caiaphas makes a political calculation, suggesting that it would be better for "one man" Jesus to die than for "the whole nation" to be destroyed.
In this Caiaphas is stating a rabbinic quotation Gen. Pilate tells the priests to judge Jesus themselves, to which they respond they lack authority to do so. Pilate questions Jesus, after which he states, "I find no basis for a charge against him. Sanhedrin trial of Jesus In the Gospel of Matthew They are looking for false evidence with which to frame Jesus, but are unable to find any. Jesus remains silent throughout the proceedings until Caiaphas demands that Jesus say whether he is the Christ.
- Annas and Caiaphas
Jesus replies "I am: