Carter's Foreign Policy - Short History - Department History - Office of the Historian
Nixon's successor in the talks, President Jimmy Carter, supported salt ii, but also pressed a military buildup and a human rights campaign. Contrary to campaign promises, Richard Nixon escalates war in Vietnam and Nixon continued efforts in July to establish a relationship with China. The presidency of Jimmy Carter began at noon EST on January 20, , when Jimmy Carter .. It was this refusal to play by the rules of Washington, however, which contributed to the Carter administration's difficult relationship with Congress. .. Carter retained Nixon-era (yet pro-decriminalization) advisor Robert Du Pont.
There are some wise men and women whose expertise is considered so transcendent that multiple presidents will call on them. This is part of the tip sheet that they have during their transitions.
It is now standard for the presidents to meet — often multiple times — the incoming and outgoing presidents during the months between November and January. One of the things they talk about is who to keep, who to get rid of, who to bring back in, who is really helpful.
He has his list of people. These are the people who really know how this works. Did Ford have a role in that decision? Ford did help Carter on a couple of things. On the Panama Canal treaty on start, where he would express support for what Carter was doing. Especially when it comes to foreign policy — things like a Panama Canal treaty or an arms treaty — having multiple presidents by your side gives you great political leverage.
Foreign policy tends to be something that exists across administrations. Vietnam and our dealing with Vietnam begins with Eisenhower extends through Kennedy, extends through Johnson and ends with Nixon. Can you comment on the emotional intelligence of the members of the Presidents Club?
I think there are all kinds of intelligence, and I think there are all kinds of intelligence that serve a president well in his role.
But I think particularly now — particularly in an age when we see everything, where they are never off stage, where every single person at every single rally has a camera in their hand, and they are one YouTube upload away from having every word they speak be known to the whole world — it is so important that presidents be able to read their audience, read the people around them, sense the needs, and the fears and the hopes that confront them.
Probably Clinton is most famous for the emotionality of his transaction with the electorate. The Middle East is obviously — to say the most obvious thing — so fraught and so complex that that may be the one region where a president is least likely to deploy a former president as a sort of freelance ambassador.
And the presidents themselves have to — that is front and center for them. I know that Thursday afternoon at 3: How did you acquire all of this?
A couple of things: The way we did the division of labor is, I basically was responsible for the dead presidents and Michael for the living ones. So my interviews were much easier. In my case, the glorious thing about studying presidents right now is that fact that so much is available, literally at our fingertips.
Détente - HISTORY
You all could go home now and log on to the Miller Center at the University of Virginia and listen to that phone call that Kennedy made to Eisenhower on the morning of the Cuban Missile Crisis Quarantine. You can decide for yourself — the tone of voice, how worried Kennedy sounds, how reassuring Eisenhower sounds.
Now even without going to the libraries, which is a great treat, you can do this if you have a computer — to find out a lot of this stuff. I read presidential memoirs with many grains of salt. So when it comes to the living presidents, when it comes to the recent administrations, the people who were willing to talk to him, who were both the presidents themselves and the aides closest to them, were a tremendous resource to us. But I think there may have been something about this topic at this time.
I think they understand — and both Clinton and the first President Bush talked to Michael about this — that they saw, when Bush and Clinton started during their road show together, they saw how people responded to it. But the fact that they got past their very significant differences and were working together, raising money for relief for Hurricane Katrina, for instance — that they saw the way their audiences responded. They saw how much they liked seeing this as being possible.
That this was the story that we wanted to be telling. We are encountering it all over the place. So I think that may account for their cooperation.
Careening from crisis to crisis in 'The Seventies'
Just to try to combine several observations and questions — there is an observed imbalance in presidential power between foreign affairs and domestic policies. And given that the presidents exercise more out of autonomy in their power on foreign affairs, does that therefore carry forward into this relationship? That is, do they relate to one another in a more intimate way in the exercise of that power? Because both for the reason you say — that it is over foreign policy that presidents have the most control.
But these are also the life and death decisions. These are also the ones where the nature of being president is that you only make hard decisions. And they all warn each other about this: Which means there are strong arguments for going either way. And this is why no matter how successful they were, they all come out of office with scars.
They all come out of office bearing the burden of the decisions they made. Hide Caption 8 of 71 Photos: Hide Caption 9 of 71 Photos: Thirteen people were killed on the scene, and more than a dozen were injured. After the shooting, recruitment and support for the Irish Republican Army skyrocketed.
Three decades of violence known as The Troubles followed, and almost 3, people died. Hide Caption 10 of 71 Photos: President to visit China. His trip in February was an important step in building a relationship between the two countries.
Hide Caption 11 of 71 Photos: A South Vietnamese plane accidentally dropped napalm on its own troops and civilians. Nine-year-old Kim Phuc, center, ripped off her burning clothes while fleeing. The image communicated the horrors of the war and contributed to the growing anti-war sentiment in the United States.
After taking the photograph, Ut took the children to a hospital. Hide Caption 12 of 71 Photos: Hide Caption 13 of 71 Photos: It also took on an additional layer of cultural significance when the secret informant in the Watergate scandal went by the pseudonym "Deep Throat. History of health care reform in the United States Carter in office, February During the presidential campaign, Carter proposed a health care reform plan that included key features of a bipartisan bill, sponsored by Senator Ted Kennedy, that provided for the establishment of a universal national health insurance NHI system.
The establishment of an NHI plan was the top priority of organized labor and many liberal Democrats, but Carter had concerns about cost, as well as the inflationary impact, of such a system.
He delayed consideration of health care throughand ultimately decided that he would not support Kennedy's proposal to establish an NHI system that covered all Americans. Kennedy met repeatedly with Carter and White House staffers in an attempt to forge a compromise health care plan, but negotiations broke down in July Though Kennedy and Carter had previously been on good terms, differences over health insurance led to an open break between the two Democratic leaders.
The plan would also extend Medicaid to the very poor without dependent minor children, and would add catastrophic coverage to Medicare.
Long led a bipartisan conservative majority of the Senate Finance Committee to support an employer mandate to provide catastrophic coverage and the addition of catastrophic coverage to Medicare. Proposals contemplated by the Carter administration include a guaranteed minimum incomea federal job guarantee for the unemployed, a negative income taxand direct cash payments to aid recipients.