Lenin and Stalin as Mass Leaders
Joseph Stalin was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from until his death in In the years. After Vladimir Lenin, next communist leader of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, ordered doctors and scientists to find a way to preserve Vladimir Lenin's body. Vladimir Lenin: Founder of the Russian Communist Party, leader of the the key questions centred around the relation between the party and the .. in the reorganization of the state in which Stalin was playing a key role.
Lenin was prepared to replace the Union he had originally proposed with a looser association in which the centralized powers might be limited to defense and international relations alone.
Lenin vs Stalin: Their Showdown Over the Birth of the USSR
Stalin visiting Lenin in Gorky in Lenin, who was in semi-retirement after suffering his second stroke, died the following year, making way for Stalin to succeed him as leader of the Soviet Union.
As Stalin presses his advantage, Lenin dies Stalin did his best to isolate Lenin from the rest of the leadership and keep his last letters secret.
When Lenin heard of it, he became furious and demanded an apology. Stalin wrote back saying he apologized, but did not know what Lenin wanted of him—he had just been protecting the leader from unnecessary stress.
The next day, he suffered his third stroke, which left him permanently paralyzed. He died on January 21, The Russian Academy of Sciences, for example, would become an all-Union body. But he won on the issue of the structure of the Union—the collection of discreet republics—a victory that, ironically, would ultimately have greater consequences for the Russians than for the others.
In the state envisioned by Stalin, the Russians would have continued to share all those features with the empire, now renamed a Union. Almost by default, Lenin became the father of the modern Russian nation, while the Soviet Union became its cradle.
He is the author of numerous books, most recently, Lost Kingdom: The History of the Nuclear Catastrophe. We strive for accuracy and fairness.
Lenin criticised Stalin's rude manners, excessive power, ambition and politics, and suggested that Stalin should be removed from the position of General Secretary. One of Lenin's secretaries showed Stalin the notes, whose contents shocked him. Lenin died on 21 January Stalin was given the honour of organizing his funeral. Upon Lenin's death, Stalin was officially hailed as his successor as the leader of the ruling Communist Party and of the Soviet Union itself.
Against Lenin's wishes, he was given a lavish funeral and his body was embalmed and put on display. Thanks to Kamenev and Zinoviev's influence, the Central Committee decided that Lenin's Testament should not be made public.
Vladimir Lenin | Biography, Facts, & Ideology | shizutetsu.info
At the Thirteenth Party Congress in Mayit was read out only to the heads of the provincial delegations. Trotsky did not want to appear divisive so soon after Lenin's death and did not seize the opportunity to demand Stalin's removal.
While the triumvirate remained intact throughout and the early months ofZinoviev and Kamenev did not regard Stalin highly as a revolutionary theorist, and often disparaged him in private even as they had aided him publicly against Trotsky and the Left Opposition. For his part, Stalin was cautious about where the political situation was heading, and often felt that Zinoviev's volatile rhetoric against Trotsky was going too far, especially when Zinoviev demanded Trotsky's expulsion from the Communist Party in January Stalin opposed Zinoviev's demand, and skillfully played the role of a moderate.
Stalin proposed the theory of Socialism in One Country in Octoberwhich Bukharin soon elaborated upon to give it a theoretical justification. Zinoviev and Kamenev suddenly found themselves in a minority at the Fourteenth Party Conference in Aprilover their belief that socialism could only be achieved internationally, which resulted in the triumvirate splitting up. This saw a strengthening of Stalin's alliance with Bukharin.
With Trotsky mostly sidelined with a persistent illness duringZinoviev and Kamenev then formed the New Opposition against Stalin.
Stalin's revelation made Zinoviev, in particular, very unpopular with many inside the Communist Party. Trotsky remained silent throughout this Congress. In earlyZinoviev and Kamenev drew closer to Trotsky and the Left Opposition, forming an alliance which became known as the United Opposition.
The United Opposition demanded, among other things, greater freedom of expression within the Communist Party and less bureaucracy.
Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, Soviet Union founders
In OctoberStalin's supporters voted Trotsky out of the Politburo. During the years of andSoviet policy toward the Chinese Revolution became the ideological line of demarcation between Stalin and the United Opposition.
In reality, however, the Republic controlled very little of the country. Much of China was divided between various regional warlords. The Republican government established a new "nationalist people's army and a national people's party" — the Kuomintang. Inthe Kuomintang opened relations with Soviet Russia.
With Soviet help, the Republic of China built up the nationalist people's army. With the development of the nationalist army, a Northern Expedition was planned to smash the power of the warlords of the northern part of the country.
Lenin and Stalin as Mass Leaders
This Northern Expedition became a point of contention over foreign policy by Stalin and Trotsky. Stalin tried to persuade the small Chinese Communist Party to merge with the Kuomintang KMT Nationalists to bring about a bourgeois revolution before attempting to bring about a Soviet-style working class revolution.
Trotsky wanted the Communist Party to complete an orthodox proletarian revolution and have clear class independence from the KMT. You comrades know best. After the disappointed mobs dispersed, Kerensky's government struck back at the Bolsheviks.
Loyalist troops raided Pravda on July 18 and surrounded the Bolshevik headquarters.
Stalin helped Lenin evade capture minutes before and, to avoid a bloodbath, ordered the besieged Bolsheviks in the Peter and Paul Fortress to surrender.
Convinced Lenin would be killed if caught, Stalin persuaded him not to surrender and smuggled him to Finland [ dubious — discuss ]. He shaved off Lenin's beard and moustache, took him to Primorsky station then to a shack north of Petrograd, then to a barn in Finland.
At the Sixth Congress of the Bolshevik partyheld secretly in PetrogradStalin gave the main report, was chosen to be the chief editor of the Party press and a member of the Constituent Assemblyand was re-elected to the Central Committee. Believing that Kerensky had acted under Bolshevik pressure, Kornilov decided to march his troops on Petrograd. In desperation, Kerensky turned to the Petrograd Soviet for help and released the Bolsheviks, who raised a small army to defend the capital.
In the end, Kerensky convinced Kornilov's army to stand down and to disband without violence. The October Revolution[ edit ] The Bolsheviks now found themselves free, rearmed, swelling with new recruits and under Stalin's firm control, whilst Kerensky had few troops loyal to him in the capital.Stalin's Revolution: Stalin and the Revolution
Lenin decided that the time for a coup had arrived. Kamenev and Zinoviev proposed a coalition with the Mensheviks, but Stalin and Trotsky backed Lenin's wish for an exclusively Bolshevik government.
Lenin returned to Petrograd in October. On October 23, the Central Committee voted in favor of an insurrection; Kamenev and Zinoviev voted in opposition. While he worked to restore his presses, Stalin missed a Central Committee meeting where assignments for the coup were being issued. Stalin instead spent the afternoon briefing Bolshevik delegates and passing communications to and from Leninwho was in hiding.
Kerensky left the capital to rally the Imperial troops at the German front. Establishing government[ edit ] On 7 November O.