A common confusion between weather and climate arises when scientists are asked how they can predict climate 50 years from now when they cannot predict . Clothing behaviour is one of the causal linkages between indoor thermal comfort and outdoor weather. This paper quantifies this relationship using a. spatial stand point, the relationship between climate and the characteristics of order to survey the connection between clothing and climate in modern society.
Let's learn a little more about them. Start a list on the classroom board with the heading, Factors that Affect Climate. First, where are tropical climates mostly present? That's right, around the equator. That means that a region's location on our planet, or latitudeis one factor. Write latitude on the board. Are alpine climates found high or low above the earth's surface?
They are found on mountains, so they are high above the earth's surface. The higher you go, the colder it gets, so the elevation or height is a factor that affects the temperature. This is an example of altitude, so altitude also affects climate. Write this on the board. What about hills, sand dunes, lakes, forests, even buildings?
Do they affect the climate or temperature? These are all land features and they also affect the environment. Next, the movement of air from high to low pressure is called wind. The movement of the earth's winds starts at the equator, where it is hottest. The air here rises creating low pressure and then cools and falls creating high pressure. The air then moves back to the low pressure area. Wind is another factor that affects climate. Write this on the board And the final factor is distance from large bodies of water such as oceans, lakes and ocean currents.
This distance nearness to water affects the environment and climate. Which of these five factors relates to water?
What about drinking water? Depending on the type of climate in which people live, from where might they get their water?
Which factors relate to weather temperature and precipitation? How do people keep warm or cool? Where might people get clothing? How do different types of clothing help protect people from the weather?
How Will Climate Change Affect What We Wear? Surprise! It Already Has
These are all things that we are going to think about today. Do you think climatic regions and weather patterns affect how people live their lives? While some people have found ways to engineer artificial climates such as air conditioning the space inside buildingspeople all over the world still need to plan for the weather.
We have already learned a little bit about how different climatic regions affect the types of clothes people might wear and their water sources, but what types of clothes work the best in different climates and how can they be made?
From where do you get drinking water if you live in the desert? Did you know that engineers help people get clean drinking water? Engineers design water systems for cities and countries that are not located near fresh water sources.
Did you know that engineers also help design clothing and fabrics? They develop clothing materials that help keep people warm or cool, depending on their climates. Engineers also develop new technologies to predict daily weather and protect people from weather elements such as rain, temperature changes and storms. Lesson Background and Concepts for Teachers Tropical Climates Tropical climates mainly occur in the tropical zone, which is the region of the earth between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
Every point within this region receives perpendicular rays of the sun for at least one day of the year. The entire zone receives sunshine more directly than other areas, which results in a higher average annual temperature and less-drastic seasonal changes than other zones.
Instead of temperature changes, seasons are marked by rain changes, such as monsoon rains. The tropic region also contains other climates, since other factors affect climate. This region also contains the largest tropical rain forests: These forests have high amounts and variety of vegetation due largely to monsoon rains.
High temperatures and rainfall make rubber, tea, coffee, cocoa, spices, bananas, pineapples, oils, nuts and lumber abundant for use and export. Some cities with tropical climates are: Desert Climates Desert climates generally refer to regions that receive little precipitation. Even so, they often have a wealth of life.
Some of this life remains hidden during the daylight to preserve moisture. Soil in a desert region is often composed of sand, sand dunes, rocky terrain, and sometimes contains valuable mineral deposits. Desert classification is based upon a combination of the number of days of rainfall, total annual rainfall, temperature and humidity.
In the currently accepted system, extremely arid dry lands have at least 12 consecutive months without rainfall, arid lands have less than mm 10 inches of annual rainfall, and semiarid lands have a mean annual precipitation of mm inches. Arid and extremely arid lands are deserts, whereas semiarid grasslands are called steppes. However, some places recognized as deserts do not quite fall into these categories.
This difference is described by a term called "potential evapotranspiration.
What to Wear and Drink? Weather Patterns & Climatic Regions - Lesson - TeachEngineering
Thus, evapotranspiration refers to the amount of water that could evaporate in any given region. We also differentiate between different forms of deserts.
Cold deserts can be covered in snow; these regions do not receive much precipitation and what falls remains frozen. These climates are often referred to as tundra. Lastly, deserts can be classified by their geographical location and dominant weather patterns. Nearly all of desert surfaces are plains where eolian deflation has occurred, which means that the removal of fine-grained material by the wind has exposed loose gravel. The remaining surfaces are composed of bedrock outcrops, desert soils, fluvial deposits, playas and desert lakes.
Within deserts, oases may exist; these are vegetated areas that are moistened by springs, wells or irrigation.
Most desert plants are drought- or salt-tolerant. Some of these plants store water in their leaves, roots and stems. Others have long taproots that penetrate the water table, anchor the soil and control erosion. Rain falls occasionally in deserts, and storms are often violent. Alpine Climates Alpine climates are generally above tree line, which is the altitude at which trees stop growing.
At these high elevations, the climate becomes colder. This is described by the lapse rate of air, which refers to the phenomena of air getting colder as it rises, since it expands. However, this relationship is approximate as other factors can also modify the climate.
As a global enterprise, the apparel and textile industries aren't exactly the environment's best friend: If we define 'sustainable fashion' as made of particular [eco-friendly] fibers but still ready for Goodwill in a few months, we are deluding ourselves. We may also see greater threats from pests and plant diseases.
For petroleum-based fibers, the availability and cost of crude oil is an obvious factor. Recycled and regenerated fibers show promise, but not all are truly sustainable.
How Will Climate Change Affect What We Wear? Surprise! It Already Has | HuffPost Life
For example, both lyocell and rayon are regenerated cellulose fibers, but the rayon process is much dirtier -- and that includes rayon made from bamboo, which is often promoted as sustainable because of the way the plant is grown.
The recent Fashion Futures project at Britain's Forum for the Future envisioned what fashion will be like in the yearin conjunction with their call for a more sustainable fashion industry. If the industry continually abuses resources, they found, the earth could potentially face resource shortages that require factories to have gang protection and that demand we "grow" textiles from bacterial cellulose.
Read the full report here. The forum also found these larger concerns about the modern fashion industry: The cost of cheap "fast fashion" that we buy, wear, and then dispose of. Man-made fibers take longer to biodegrade. The cost and environmental repercussions of importing clothes from China, India and other places overseas. Chemicals involved in the production of man-made textiles can be dangerous.
Use of water and resources to clean our clothes. Puma, for example, is manufacturing biodegradable footwear. Levi's recently launched an initiative to use less water in its jeans manufacturing process. Of course, when it comes to finger-pointing for modern excess, the fashion industry is low-hanging fruit.
After all, keeping up with the trends and constantly restocking your wardrobe is a luxury of the wealthy. Decreasing seasonality would even ease many a sore, recession-pained wallet.
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You mean I can wear the same pants in summer and winter? As consumers adjust to shifting climates and tighten their clothing budgets, more will be looking for pieces that transcend seasons. One thing's for certain: