If you think back to when you were a pupil, which teacher caught your eye? It involves working towards goals and tailoring activities to achieving environment making a difference, having a motivated teacher is also crucial. To assess the three domains of teachers' motivational orientations, we applied paper and The relationship between teachers' self-efficacy and students' Darling-Hammond L. Teacher quality and student achievement. Relationship between motivation and academic achievement. Article (PDF . level, parents, teachers and administrators, all desire for. heavy investment for their.
According to Hicks the internal teacher motivation comprises of the needs, wants and desires which exist within an individual; as such influence the teachers thought which in turn leads to a positive change behavior toward improving learning. Teacher motivation entails that the teacher is made to satisfy the life supporting elements of his physical body like food, water, shelter etc.
Academic performance is commonly measured by examinations or continuous assessment but there is no general agreement on how it is best tested or which aspects are most important procedural knowledge such as skills or declarative knowledge such as facts. Academic performance can be defined as excellence in all academic disciplines, in class as well as extracurricular activities.
It includes excellence in sporting, behaviour, confidence, communication skills, punctuality, assertiveness, Arts, Culture, and the like. In educational institutions, success is measured by academic performance, or how well a student meets standards set out by local government and the institution itself.
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As career competition grows ever more fierce in the working world, the importance of students doing well in school has caught the attention of parents, legislators and government education departments alike. The status of teachers: Reports from teacher organisations are unanimous in stating that the status of teachers has declined, often drastically, in recent years.
This decline is due both to material and non-material factors. It is clear that the vast majority of teachers believe that they do not receive the moral support and material recognition appropriate to their level of qualifications and responsibilities. There is a trend in several countries to increase the number of students in each class.
Class sizes have reached unacceptable levels in many developing countries. Many teacher organisations report class sizes exceeding pupils.
Obviously, learning suffers under such conditions. Smaller classes allow teachers to use more personalised instructional techniques and develop and apply new teaching methods. Furthermore, teachers with smaller classes report less stress and higher morale, and turnover rates among these teachers are also lower.
There is strong empirical evidence that the workload of teaches has increased. Reports from a range of countries are striking. The number of teachers eligible for disability pensions has steadily increased. Teachers report problems with sleeping, marital problems and higher frequency of depression due to the job situation. Teachers generally are used to working hard for a good cause, but if their good will is exploited, the results can be counterproductive.
There has to be a general trust in the competence and creativity of the teacher. How teaching is done in the classroom should never be prescribed by persons outside the classroom reality.
This does not mean that education authorities should not encourage new teaching methods through in-service training, professional development and other means. It is important annecessary to propose different approaches and good models for teaching, but teaching methods should not be dictated to teachers.
The working conditions of teachers are closely related to learning conditions for the students. A school environment that allows teachers to do a good job will automatically improve the learning conditions of the students. There is an obvious and close relation between the infrastructure of the school system and the quality of education. In many countries investment in school equipment has been neglected during recent decades. It is essential to provide at least the basic teaching equipment and materials in each school.
Studies have reported a consistent relationship between pupil performance and the availability of books. An important investment to improve educational quality is to ensure that all students have at least one textbook. Research has pointed to the importance of teacher motivation for effective learning.
The obvious relation between motivation and good working conditions is thus a strong argument for improving the status and working conditions of teachers.
Another factor affecting motivation is the ability to influence one's working conditions. Teacher education and professional development: All too often, teachers begin their duties without proper or sufficient pedagogical and psychological training. Some studies of factors affecting the academic performance of school children conclude that the influence of classroom variables, like the education of the teacher, is of greater importance in developing countries than in other countries.
This is a powerful argument in favour of improving teacher education especially in developing countries. Teaching is a life-long process of learning. Continuous professional development through in-service training to up-date the teacher's knowledge and teaching methods is of crucial importance in providing quality education.
In-service training is most effective when based on pre-service education that has laid a good foundation. Still today, in many parts of the world, persons with insufficient training are engaged as teachers. So long as the hiring of untrained teachers is used as a temporary and transitional solution, it can be tolerated. Another factor affecting teacher motivation and commitment to teaching is the financial remuneration.
Real salary rates in low-income countries have deteriorated in recent years. In many countries salaries are not paid regularly, with delays often of several months. Consequently, many teachers are forced to look for other jobs in addition to teaching and some are driven to leave teaching altogether.
According to reports from some African countries, it has become almost impossible to convince good students to choose a teaching career, as the prospects of job security and adequate income are too uncertain. Government decisions regarding education are more likely to succeed when planned and implemented with the full participation of teachers and their organisations, since the teachers are directly concerned and have far-reaching knowledge and experience of classroom realities.
No education reform can be fully effective without the agreement and active partnership of the personnel who will ultimately be responsible for implementation. Examining changing attitudes in secondary school science.
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