Cross-Strait relations - Wikipedia
Facing Mainland China: Taiwan's Future Challenges So the task for the island's leaders and citizens will be to balance their It is one reason that cross- Strait relations were so difficult from the early. They met within their capacity as Leader of Mainland China and Leader of Taiwan respectively. China sees Taiwan as a breakaway province that will eventually be part of the However in the next few years, the leader at the time Chiang Kai-shek's This group, referred to as Mainland Chinese and then making up m After decades of hostile intentions and angry rhetoric, relations between China and Taiwan.
Similarly, a merger between Taiwan and China in the early s would have been a shift geopolitically, but ideologically, not a major change in domestic politics. Democracy spreads A decade later, this was no longer the case.
Timeline: Taiwan-China relations since | News | Al Jazeera
The democratisation that begun under Chiang Ching-kuo put Taiwan at the heart of a wave of democratisation that had passed China by inbut was transforming Eastern Europe as well as large parts of Asia the Philippines democratised in and South Korea in That dynamic has continued to operate in the past few decades.
But there is no chance that the party would step back from its commitment to pluralist democracy, and no reorientation towards the mainland that could allow a compromise on such an issue not least since any reunification would probably have to be settled by a referendum — people would be unlikely to vote to lessen their democratic rights.
The Kuomintang appeals to an older demographic and younger Taiwanese increasingly identify with the independence-leaning DPP and the idea of Taiwan as a separate society.
Another foreign policy intellectual assured said Taiwan would certainly have much more autonomy than even Hong Kong. Yet the Hong Kong comparison worries many on Taiwan more than it did a decade ago.
And the aftermath of the Occupy protests was perceived in Taiwan as a sign that, when confronted, Beijing would stress order over liberal values and democratic voices in government or the media would be pressured into staying silent. Hong Kong no longer provides as attractive a showcase for the wooing of Taiwan. The Hong Kong model also fails to answer a crucial question to which I have rarely received any kind of detailed answer: However, the incorporation of a lively, fully democratic polity of some 23 million people, which would send its own representatives to Beijing, would surely provide a challenge to a system in the mainland which is self-declaredly becoming less, not more liberal.
There would always be a large proportion of the population which would continue to advocate a separate status from the mainland.
In Hong Kong, moves are under way to make it illegal to declare independence, based on provisions in the Basic Law.
But in Taiwan, it is hard to imagine a fully democratic government being able to persuade its people to support any such constraint on freedom of speech. What would happen if a reunified Taiwan chose freely to elect a leader who advocated more distance, or even separation, from China? The Chinese government would have to do something that is essentially unprecedented: The question is not just about how Beijing would affect Taiwan, but how a reunified Taiwan would change Beijing.
Use of force bad for optics There is, of course, the alternative scenario of the reunification of Taiwan by force, which the mainland has never ruled out.
But again, the effects of a military occupation are hard to imagine. Many analysts would suggest that if it wanted to, the mainland could retake the island by force.
But what would happen the day, month or year after? It is easier to occupy an island than a territory with land borders. Xi made the comments during a speech marking the 40th anniversary of a message sent to Taiwanwhen China declared an end to what had been routine artillery bombardment of Taiwan-controlled offshore islands and offered to open up communication between the two sides.
The "Message to Compatriots in Taiwan" in eventually led to a thaw in relations with the self-ruled island. Here are key dates in relations between Taipei and Beijing. It deploys a fleet in the Taiwan Strait between the two to protect its ally from possible attack from the mainland.
Taiwan - Spies, Lies and Cross-straits Ties Inthe US establishes diplomatic relations with China but also commits to assisting the defence of Taiwan. It backs the policy of "one China", with Beijing as the legitimate government, but establishes trade and military ties with Taipei.
InTaiwan lifts emergency rule, unilaterally ending a state of war with China. The first direct talks between the two sides are held in Singapore two years later.
InChina tests missiles off Taiwan to deter voters in the island's first democratic presidential election.